Immediate Rewards - Scrumptious Meals and Dr. Howards Success Diet

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Extensive research on nutritionally complete very low calorie diets show their safety and efficiency in assisting weight loss and weight maintenance.

Many studies have been carried out into the effects of very low calorie diets. The most sophisticated of these is a multi-center clinical trial examining body composition and metabolic studies with very low calorie diet (VLCD).

The trial is presented in a book entitled "The Swansea Trial" edited by Dr Stephen Kreitzman and Dr Alan Howard, published in 1993 by Smith-Gordon.

Listed here are some of the thirteen studies included in the "The Swansea Trial":

  • The effects of VLCD on body composition.
  • Changes in total body potassium, nitrogen and glycogen with nutritional depletion and repletion.
  • The measurement of total body potassium and estimation of body fat.
  • Nitrogen economy due to ketosis demonstration by [15N] glycine flux.
  • Total energy expenditure by the doubly-labeled water method-theory and methodology.
  • Dependence of weight loss during VLCD on total energy expenditure, rather than on the resting metabolic rate which is associated with fat free mass.

  • Statistics

    Obesity in the United States has risen to epidemic levels. Obesity not only reduces life expectancy, it is also a financial burden and can be associated with social stigma and discrimination. The actual cause of obesity can vary, from fundamental biological differences between individuals, socioeconomic factors to behavioral factors. Regardless of the cause, it is apparent that maintaining such a heavy weight will have devastating consequences over time.

    In a recent study from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the rate of obesity in adults and children throughout the US has been increasing drastically. As of 2005, only 4 states had obesity rates less than 20 percent, while 17 states had prevalence rates equal to or greater than 25 percent, with 3 of those having rates equal to or greater than 30 percent (Louisiana, Mississippi, and West Virginia).

    Map: Percentage of people who are clincally obese (BMI>30)

    An International Trend

    The obesity epidemic is not only limited to the United States. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) latest projections indicate that globally in 2005:

  • approximately 1.6 billion adults (age 15+) were overweight
  • at least 400 million adults were obese

  • WHO further projects that by 2015, approximately 2.3 billion adults will be overweight and more than 700 million will be obese.

    At least 20 million children under the age of 5 years are overweight globally in 2005.

    Once considered a problem only in high-income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings.